(Below is the FOULS section in FIBA Basketball Statisticians’ Manual 2009)
A foul is called on a player following a decision by a referee. Personal, technical, unsportsmanlike and disqualifying fouls can be called on a player. Coach, bench technical and disqualifying fouls can be called on a coach. It is important to differentiate between the types of fouls should the statistics software allow this.
Coach and bench technical fouls are recorded against the coach and are not counted as team fouls.
Any time a player is fouled, a foul drawn is charged to that player. In the case of a disqualifying foul, if the foul is physically committed on a player, then a foul drawn is charged to the player who has been fouled.
1. A3 is dribbling the ball and commits a charge on B2.
A3 is charged with a turnover (Offensive Foul) and a personal foul. B2 is charged with a foul drawn (but not with a steal).
2. A2 is holding the ball when he is fouled by B2.
A2 is charged with a foul drawn and B2 is charged with a personal foul.